Vaginoplasty is a reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic procedure for the vaginal canal and its mucous membran and of vulvo-vaginal structures that might be absent or damaged because of congenital disease (e.g., vaginal hypoplasia) or because of an acquired cause (e.g., childbirth physical trauma, cancer). As such the term vaginoplasty generally describes any such cosmetic reconstructive and corrective vaginal surgery and the term neovaginoplasty specifically describes the procedures of either partial or total construction or reconstruction of the vulvo-vaginal complex.
A “vaginal rejuvenation” is a non-reconstructive vaginoplasty that restores the muscle tone and desired aesthetic of the vagina by removing external tissues and tightening the supportive structures of the vulvovaginal complex, in an effort either to reduce or to reverse the effects of aging and parturition (childbearing). The advantages may be increased comfort and an improved self-image (mental health) the potential disadvantages are decreased clitoral and genital sensation, and complications such as infection, tissue adhesions and scarring. Sometimes referred to as "vaginal rejuvenation”, “aesthetic vaginal surgery” or “cosmetic vaginal surgery” various results aim to strengthen the function of the vulvo-vaginal area firm up and reshape tissue for youthful appearances. In regular terms the procedure is essentially a “face lift” for the vulva and vagina.
Vaginal rejuvenation is often two combined distinct surgeries of labiaplasty and vaginoplasty to restore or enhance the vagina's cosmetic appearance or function. Labiaplasty is a labia reduction and cosmetic enhancement genital surgical procedure to reduce or change the shape of the labia minora (small lips) on the outside of the vagina. Some surgeries are needed for discomfort occurring from chronic labial irritation that develops from tight clothing, sex, sports or other physical activities. Vaginoplasty surgery is done by removing excess vaginal lining and tightening the surrounding soft tissues and muscles.The post-operative outcome of vaginoplasty is variable it usually allows coitus (sexual intercourse) after a week although sensation might not always be present. In fertile women menstruation and fertilization are assured when the uterus and the ovaries have preserved their normal functions in a few cases vaginal childbirth is possible.