Breast Lump Surgery/ Breast Cancer
The goal of breast cancer surgery is to remove the tumor and some of the surrounding healthy tissue. Dr Sumita Singh who is consultant breast surgeon at GNH Hospital Gurgaon, India will try to save as much of breast as possible. In some cases, the entire breast must be removed when spread of breast cancer is more or chances of spreading in entire breast.
However it has to be noted that not all breast lumps are cancer. There are lupms which are non cancerous are called Fibroadenoma. The diagnosis whether a lup is cancerous ornot depends upon the results of investigations that may include physical evaluation by Dr Sumita Singh, Mammography, Ultrasound of Breast, FNAC test and in some cases MR Mammogram.
Types of Breast Cancer Surgery
Breast cancer surgeries differ by the amount of healthy tissue that is removed with the tumor. Some lymph nodes under the armpit are usually removed as part of the operation so they can be checked for cancer cells. This will help your doctor plan your treatment after surgery.
The following types of Breast Surgeries are done at GNH Hospital :
Lumpectomy is just the removal of lump mostly it is the preferred line of action in case of fibroadenoma.
Partial or segmental mastectomy or quadrantectomy
Simple or total mastectomy
Modified radical mastectomy
Description of Breast Surgeries
A lumpectomy can be done in case of a non cancerous lump in breast as well as in case of cancerous lump. In case of non cancerous lump the surgeon removes the lump only. In case of cancerous lump surgeon removes the cancerous tumor along with a rim of potentially healthy tissue around it (known as the margins) without removing the entire breast. This procedure is also called a partial mastectomy.
This surgery option removes the entire breast (or as much of the breast tissue as possible). In most cases, a skin-sparing mastectomy is an option.
Lymph Node Removal & Lymphedema
In addition to your surgical procedure, your doctor may wish to remove and examine lymph nodes to determine whether the cancer has spread and to what extent.
This is plastic surgery to rebuild the shape of the breast. It may be done at the same time as the cancer surgery or later.
Cost of Breast Cancer Surgery depends upon which type of surgery is been performed.