Dental braces are devices used in orthodontics that align and straighten teeth and help to position them with regard to a person's bite, while also working to improve dental health.
Young children have misaligned teeth which require to be corrected around the age of 11-13 years. The braces treatment lasts for 1-2 years and require several visits to the orthodentist during this period.
Why it is done
They are often used to correct under bites, as well as malocclusions, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, and various other flaws of the teeth and jaw. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural. Dental braces are often used in conjunction with other orthodontic appliances to help widen the palate or jaws and to otherwise assist in shaping the teeth and jaws.
What Types of Braces Are Available?
The dentist or orthodontist will prescribe an appliance specific for your needs. The braces may consist of bands, wires, and other fixed or removable corrective appliances. No one method works for everyone.
Types of braces
Metal braces- made of high-grade stainless steel and attached to the front of teeth, are the most common.
Clear ceramic braces- are worn on the front of the teeth just like traditional steel braces. Unlike metal braces, they blend with the color of the teeth for a much less noticeable appearance.
Lingual (or concealed) braces- have brackets that attach to the back of teeth, so they are hidden from view.
"Invisible" braces- are a series of clear, customized, removable appliances called aligners. Not only are these braces less visible, but they also are removable so they won't trap food and plaque between your teeth like metal braces.