Back Pain Treatment
Back pain is the most common complaint amongst office going executives due to long hours of sedentary chair jobs. It starts as a little niggle and develops into unbearable pain. If the problem is addressed at an early stage the patient can get rid of the symptoms by simple back strengthening exercises. For learning these exercises you can visit Rehab Train at GNH Hospital where our team of physical therapists led by Dr. Bhanu Solanki will do a proper assessment and then would train you in doing the back muscle strengthening exercises. In 4-5 sessions you will get significant relief from the chronic back pain.
What causes Back Pain?
The Back or spine consists of bony discs which are surrounded by nerves. Injury or wrong posture combined with weak back muscles causes changes in the spinal discs which compresses the nerves. Once the nerves are compressed the pain sensation is felt. Sometimes the compression of the nerves becomes so much due to disc bulge that the pain becomes unbearable and starts radiating into arms or legs.
What is a Spinal Cord?
The spinal cord is a collection of nerves that travels from the bottom of the brain down your back. There are 31 pairs of nerves that leave the spinal cord and go to your arms, legs, chest and abdomen. These nerves allow your brain to give commands to your muscles and cause movements of your arms and legs.
What is a Spinal Cord Injury?
Although the hard bones of the spinal column protect the soft tissues of the spinal cord, vertebrae can still be broken or dislocated in a variety of ways and cause traumatic injury to the spinal cord. Injuries can occur at any level of the spinal cord. The segment of the cord that is injured, and the severity of the injury, will determine which body functions are compromised or lost. Because the spinal cord acts as the main information pathway between the brain and the rest of the body, a spinal cord injury can have significant physiological consequences.
Most injuries to the spinal cord don't completely sever it. Instead, an injury is more likely to cause fractures and compression of the vertebrae, which then crush and destroy the axons, extensions of nerve cells that carry signals up and down the spinal cord between the brain and the rest of the body. An injury to the spinal cord can damage a few, many or almost all of these axons. Some injuries will allow almost complete recovery. Others will result in a complete paralysis.
Types of Spinal Cord Injuries
Quadraplegia occurs in case of any kind of physical trauma that crushes and compresses the vertebrae in the neck. This type of spine injury can cause irreversible damage at the cervical level of the spinal cord and below. This type of spinal cord injury may even cause paralysis of most of the body including the arms and legs.
Paraplegia occurs mostly in cases of car or bike accidents. In this type of spine injury the middle back i.e. thoracic or lumbar spine gets affected and may cause paralysis of the legs.
Surgery for Spinal Cord Injury
Surgery to stabilize the spine can be performed from the back of the spine, called posterior spine surgery, or from the front of the spine, called anterior spine surgery. In some cases, both approaches may be needed, usually in two separate operations.
A fusion procedure involves attaching metal screws, plates or other devices to the bones of the spine to keep them properly aligned. This is usually done when two or more of the spinal bones, also called vertebrae have been injured. Small pieces of bone may also be attached to the injured bones to help them fuse into one solid piece.
The bone used for this procedure is usually taken from another bone in the body, most often from the hip. This does not damage the hip and makes the fusion more stable. If needed, a small surgery on the hip will be performed at the same time as the spine surgery.
The outcome of the spinal neurology at GNH Hospital, Gurgaon will be satisfactory and will give a healthy life to the patient.
This will prove to be a rebirth for spinal neurology patients in Gurgaon.