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Esophagus Cancer Treatment

What are Esophagus Cancer?

Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can spread to other areas of the body. Esophageal cancer (or oesophageal cancer) is cancer arising from the esophagus — the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.It lies behind the trachea (windpipe) and in front of the spine.The two main sub-types of the disease are esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (often abbreviated to ESCC), which is more common in the developing world, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), which is more common in the developed world

 

 

What are the Symptoms of Esophagus Cancer?

Prominent symptoms usually do not appear until the cancer has infiltrated over 60% of the circumference of the esophageal tube, by which time the tumor is already in an advanced stage. When symptoms occur, they may include:
- Difficulty in swallowing and weight loss
- Pain when swallowing 
- Hoarse voice 
- Enlarged lymph nodes (glands) around the collarbone 
- A dry cough
- Dark or black stool (due to bleeding)
- Possibly coughing up or vomiting blood

What Causes Esophagus Cancer?

The two main types (i.e. squamous-cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma) have distinct sets of risk factors. Squamous-cell carcinoma is linked to lifestyle factors such as smoking and alcohol. Adenocarcinoma has been linked to effects of long-term acid reflux.Tobacco is a risk factor for both types.Both types are more common in men and in the over-60s.

Scientists believe that apart from use of tobacco and alcohol long-term irritation of the lining of the esophagus, as happens with reflux, Barrett’s esophagus, achalasia, Plummer-Vinson syndrome, or scarring from swallowing lye, may also lead to DNA damage which may cause Esophagus Cancer.

 

How to prevent Esophagus Cancer

Prevention includes stop smoking or chewing tobacco. According to the National Cancer Institute, "diets high in cruciferous (cabbage, broccoli/broccolini, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts) and green and yellow vegetables and fruits are associated with a decreased risk of esophageal cancer. Dietary fiber is thought to be protective, especially against esophageal adenocarcinoma. But for early detection of any disease patient should consult his/her family physician.

How are Esophagus Cancer can be diagnosed at GNH Hospital?

At GNH Hospital our team of best doctors consisting of physicians, gastroenterologist and cancer surgeons will diagnose the esophagus cancer through:

- Enquiring about the symptoms
- Physical Evaluation
- Barium swallow Study, Endoscopy and Biopsy

At GNH Hospital we have some of the best gastroenterologist experienced in treating patients with esophagus Cancer. Apart from the doctors GNH Hospital also has one of the best endoscopes in the world from Fujinon for endoscopy and colonoscopy. Additional testing includes Contrast Computed tomography (CT) of the chest, abdomen and pelvis which can evaluate whether the cancer has spread to adjacent tissues or distant organs (especially liver and lymph nodes).

What are the treatment options available at GNH Hospital for the treatment of Esophagus Cancer?

Treatment is best managed by a multidisciplinary team covering the various specialties involved. At GNH Hospital we have the team and all equipements require to manage or surgically treat the cancer. At GNH Hospital we treat esophagus cancer through:

Life Style Changes - To treat an cancer, first eliminate substances that can be causing the cancer. If you smoke or drink alcohol, stop. Also diet modification should be introduced.
Medication - If the cancer is widespread, metastatic or recurrent is managed palliatively: in this case, chemotherapy may be used to lengthen survival, while treatments such as radiotherapy or stenting may be used to relieve symptoms and make it easier to swallow.
Surgery - There are a number of surgical options, and the best choices for particular situations can be decided after knowing the staging of the cancer.


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Video

 

These international patients from all parts of the world came to GNH Hospital for various treatments. They are sharing their experiences - about the doctors and the other support staff at GNH Hospital. The cost of treatment at GNH Hospital is almost 20% lower than the other hospitals with a very high level of personalized service.