Some women get through their monthly periods easily with few or no concerns. Their periods come like clockwork, starting and stopping at nearly the same time every month, causing little more than a minor inconvenience.
However, other women experience a host of physical and/or emotional symptoms just before and during menstruation. From heavy bleeding and missed periods to unmanageable mood swings, these symptoms may disrupt a woman's life in major ways.
Most menstrual cycle problems have straightforward explanations, and a range of treatment options exist to relieve your symptoms. If your periods feel overwhelming, discuss your symptoms with our gynaecologist. Once your symptoms are accurately diagnosed, she can help you choose the best treatment to improve the conditions.
The following disorders are normally observed :
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding during menstrual cycle or periods
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Premenstrual Dysphonic Disorder (PMDD)
Menstrual disorders present with following symptoms:
Moderate to Severe pain in abdomen or lower part of stomach
Bleeding Problems during periods
Heavy Bleeding (Menorrhagia) - Heavy bleeding during menstruation or periods in females is usually related to a hormonal imbalance although fibroids, polyps, cysts, PID etc could also cause this. Thus, menorrhagia is actually a symptom of an underlying condition rather than a disease itself. It may also be related to the use of an IUD. Women with menorrhagia experience not only significant pain in abdomen or lower stomach, but may feel very tired due to the loss of blood.
Amenorrhea - You may also experience the opposite problem of heavy menstrual bleeding which is no menstrual bleeding at all. This condition called amenorrhea or the absence of menstruation is normal before puberty, after menopause and during pregnancy. There are two types of Amenorrhea :
Primary Amenorrhea - Primary amenorrhea is diagnosed if you turn 16 and haven't menstruated. It's usually caused by some problem in your endocrine system, which regulates your hormones. Sometimes this results from low body weight associated with eating disorders, excessive exercise or medications.
Secondary Amenorrhea - Secondary amenorrhea is diagnosed if you had regular periods, but they suddenly stop for three months or longer. It can be caused by problems that affect estrogen levels, including stress, weight loss, exercise or illness.
Dysmenorrhea - Most women have experienced menstrual cramps before or during their period at some point in their lives. For some, it's part of the regular monthly routine. But if your cramps are especially painful and persistent, you may have a condition called dysmenorrhea and should consult the gynaecologist.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) - PMS is a term commonly used to describe a wide variety of physical and psychological symptoms associated with the menstrual cycle. About 30 to 40 percent of women experience symptoms severe enough to disrupt their lifestyles. PMS symptoms are more severe and disruptive than the typical mild premenstrual symptoms that as many as 75 percent of all women experience. PMS appears to be caused by rising and falling levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone, which may influence brain chemicals, including serotonin, a substance that has a strong effect on mood.
Premenstrual Dysphonic Disorder (PMDD)- Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is far more severe than the typical PMS. Women who experience PMDD (about 3 to 8 percent of all women) say it significantly interferes with their lives. Experts equate the difference between PMS and PMDD to the difference between a mild tension headache and a migraine. The most common symptoms of PMDD are heightened irritability, anxiety and mood swings. Women who have a history of major depression, postpartum depression or mood disorders are at higher risk for PMDD than other women.
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