Treatment for a sports injury will depend on factors such as how severe the injury is and the part of your body affected.
Some general treatments that may be helpful for your injury are described below. If it is sprain / strain it can be treated through PRICE protocol and swelling and pain will get subside within 4-6 days
Protection – protect the affected area from further injury; for example, by using a support.
Rest – avoid exercise and reduce your daily physical activity. Using crutches or a walking stick may help if you cannot put weight on your ankle or knee, and a sling may help if you‘ve injured your shoulder.
Ice – apply an ice pack to the affected area for 15-20 minutes every two to three hours. A bag of frozen peas, or similar, will work well. Wrap the ice pack in a towel to avoid it directly touching your skin and causing an ice burn.
Compression – use elastic compression bandages during the day to limit swelling.
Elevation – keep the injured body part raised above the level of the heart whenever possible. This may also help to reduce swelling.
Painkillers, such as paracetamol, can be used to help ease the pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) tablets or creams, such as ibuprofen, can also be used to help ease any pain and help to reduce any swelling.
Immobilisation can sometimes help to prevent further damage by reducing movement. It can also reduce pain, muscle swelling and muscle spasm using slings, splints and casts.
Some people recovering from a long-term injury may benefit from physiotherapy.
This is a specialist treatment that can involve techniques such as massage, manipulation and exercises to improve the range of motion, strengthen the surrounding muscles, and return the normal function of injured area.A physiotherapist can also develop an exercise programme to help strengthen the affected body part and reduce the risk of the injury recurring.
If you have severe or persistent inflammation, a corticosteroid injection may be recommended.
Surgery and procedures
Most sports injuries don't require surgery, but very severe injuries such as badly broken bones may require corrective surgery to fix the bones with wires, plates, screws or rods.
In some cases, however, it may be possible realign displaced bones without needing an operation.
Certain other injuries may also occasionally require surgery. For example, an operation may be needed to repair a torn knee ligament.
Read more about knee ligament surgery.