Stones are normally found in the Gall Bladder. A narrow vessel called Common Bile Duct connects the Liver to the gall bladder. Bile Juice from the Liver comes into the Gall Bladder through this duct. Stones can sometime get stuck in the common bile duct and block the flow of bile juice from the Liver to the Gall Bladder. This causes Jaundice and can result in great damage to the Liver. In such cases the Gastroenterologist removes the CBD stones using an Endoscope in a procedure called Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio- Pancreatography (ERCP). In some cases if the stone cannot be removed then a stent is placed to bypass the blocked vessel and create a path for the flow of the bile juice. Normally the gastroenterologist breaks the stone in smaller pieces and extracts them. However if the CBD stone is stuck in such a manner that it cannot be removed through Endoscope then an open surgery is done from the front of the chest.
Patients presenting with CBDS have symptoms including biliary colic, jaundice, cholangitis, pancreatitis or may be asymptomatic. There are several techniques to remove CBD stones and one of the most common technique is to do ERCP for CBD Stones.
ERCP as a diagnostic test has been mostly replaced by a non invasive test called MRCP. Magnetic resonance Cholangio Pancreatography (MRCP) is a technique for viewing the bile ducts and the pancreatic duct. It can also show the pancreas, gallbladder and liver. MRCP uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to produce detailed pictures of these ducts and organs.
Most of the patients with CBD stones also have Gall Stones. In such cases the Gall Bladder is removed using a Laparoscope and the surgery is called Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. In such cases the surgeon can also do Laparoscopic Common Bile Duct Exploration (LCBDE). In some cases the surgeon would do Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and the Gastroenterologist would do ERCP in the same sitting. In other cases ERCP is done first to remove the CBD stones and Lap Chole is done after a few days. The gall stones is not such an emergency as the CBD stones are.
With advancing technology and minimally invasive surgery (laparoscopic biliary surgery) has become safe, efficient, and cost effective. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) is associated with successful stone clearance rates ranging from 85% to 95%.
If CBDS are detected at the time of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the best treatment is a trans-cystic laparoscopic approach during the same operation. If this fails alternate approaches such as intraoperative or postoperative ERCP, laparoscopic choledochotomy, or open CBDE may be used . A trans-cystic approach is generally used for small stones in a small bile duct whereas trans-ductal approach is preferred for large occluding stones in a large duct, intrahepatic stones, or a miniscule or tortuous cystic duct. Most of the hospitals do not have the facility of a Gastroenterologist and an endoscope and therefore do not perform ERCP procedure even though they do Gall Stone Surgeries.
Patients with Gall Stones or CBD Stones normally undergo an Ultrasound examination which finds the presence of these stones. In cases of CBD Stones further testing in the form of MRCP is required. The cost for these investigations is around Rs. 8-10 thousand Indian Rupees. If Laparscopic Gall Bladder Surgery is required then the cost would be in the range of Rs. 60-70 thousand Rupees while the Cost for ERCP is Rs. 40-55 thousand depending upon whether a stent is used during the surgery or not. The hospital stay for ERCP is just one day while the stay would increase by another day if Lap Chole Surgery is done during the same sitting. Dr Sumita Singh and Dr Vikram Singh are the best Laparoscopic Surgeons for doing the gall bladder surgery while Dr Ayush Dhingra is the best Gastroenterologist for doing ERCP.
For query please contact or whatsapp at +91-8800188335 or email to firstname.lastname@example.org
ERCP is best procedure for:
Check lasting belly pain or jaundice.
Find gallstones or diseases of the liver, bile ducts, or pancreas.
Remove stones from the common bile duct if they are causing problems. These may include a blockage (obstruction), inflammation or infection of the common bile duct (cholangitis), or pancreatitis.
Open a narrowed bile duct or insert a drain.
Get a tissue sample for further testing (biopsy).
Our hospitals are located in the northern part of India specially in the NCR region comprising New Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida and Faridabad which all are within a distance of 20-50 kms from the New Delhi airport. Our hospitals are super specialty in the fields of Neurosurgery, Cardiology, Joint Replacement, Cancer Care, Liver and Kidney Transplants, Cosmetic Surgery and many other branches of medicine. All our hospitals offer quality treatment and are accreditated by NABH or JCI. For patients coming from other countries our team members would receive you at the airport and escort you to the hospital or the hotel as the case maybe.
We have the latest MRI, CT Scan, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry (DEXA), Mammography, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler, PET Scan, Nuclear Imaging, Cardiac Imaging, Neuro Lab and the most advanced Pathology Lab which gives us the diagnostic confidence for providing the right treatment.
Modular fully equipped Operation Theatres with Computer Navigation and C-Arm backed by a state of art ICU helps us in providing world class treatment to our patients. We are equipped to handle the most complex of the surgeries due to the state of art cutting edge technology.
Our team of doctors include some of the best names from the Indian Medical Fraternity. Dr Arun Saroha Dr V.S.Mehta, Dr Vikas Kathuria, Dr Sandeep Vaishya in Neurosurgery, Dr Sumita Singh in Breast and Piles, Dr AK Sethi, Dr Anubhav Jain, Dr Subhash Jangid, Dr Debashish, Dr Anuj Chawla, Dr Ratnav Ratan, Dr Reetandyuti and Dr Praveen Tittal in Joints, Dr Priyanjana Sharma in ENT, Dr Kaushal Yadav, Dr Ankur Garg, Dr Shilpi Sharma, Dr Abhishek Mitra in Cancer Surgery, Dr Pramod Prasad, Dr Sumita Singh and Dr Vikram Singh in GI Laparoscopic Surgery, Dr Pushpa Sethi, Dr Amita Shah and Dr Parvinder Kaur in Obs, Gynae and Infertility, Dr Raman Tanwar and Dr Chandrakant Kar in Urology, Dr Pramod Prasad for Pilonidal Sinus Surgery are some of the key doctors with us.
This patient in India was suffering from Diabetic Neuropathy but could not consult a Neurologist before 6 months so the patient came to India and recovered fully in just 15 days. Watch the video above to know the full story.
In this video you would see the patients from several countries sharing their experiences about treatment in Indian Hospitals for all kinds of conditions. Watch the video to know what to expect when you come to India.
This is the story of a Bangldeshi Patient who was shot in the neck in line of duty and got complete quadriplegia due to the injury. Watch the video to see the amazing recovery due to the treatment provided in India.