AVR / MVR
Mitral valve repair is a cardiac surgery procedure performed by cardiac surgeons to treat stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leakage) of the mitral valve.
Aortic valve repair is a surgical procedure used to correct some aortic valve disorders as an alternative to aortic valve replacement.
Ventricular septal defect (VSD), atrial septal defects, and tetralogy of Fallot are the most common congenital heart defects seen in the VACTERL association. Less common defects in the association are truncus arteriosus, and transposition of the great arteries.
The cause of congenital heart disease may be either genetic or environmental, but is usually a combination of both.
Angioplasty (or balloon angioplasty) is an endovascular procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins, typically to treat arterial atherosclerosis. An empty, collapsed balloon, known as a balloon catheter, is passed over a wire into the narrowed locations and then inflated to a fixed size. The balloon forces expansion of the stenosis (narrowing) within the vessel and the surrounding muscular wall, opening up the blood vessel for improved flow, and the balloon is then deflated and withdrawn. A stent may or may not be inserted at the time of ballooning to ensure the vessel remains open.
Lifestyle Modification is very important for healthy heart.People should change their daily routine lifestyle.
Avoid Alcohal and Stress
Eat Healthy diet
Lose weight and Do physical activity
Avoid and limit caffeine
Maintain BP and take proper rest